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Note: Articles classified as "non anarchist press" are published in this section of the site. They do not usually reflect the opinions of Anarkismo.net nor of the organizations who run this site and are included by reason of their possible interest to readers. The opinions expressed in any such articles are exclusively those of the articles' authors.
north africa / history of anarchism / other libertarian press Thursday January 08, 2015 - 14:28 byI. U. Parrini   text 3 comments (last - thursday july 02, 2015 - 15:31)
NOTE by Lucien van der Walt: English translation by Nestor McNab of three parts of the historical memoirs of I. U. Parrini – one of the initiators of the anarchist movement in Italy and Egypt, from the days of the First International – which were published in Italian in “La Protesta Umana” of San Francisco, nos. 36, 38 and 40 (21 Nov. and 26 Dec. 1903, and 9 Jan. 1904 respectively). This material is provided for purposes of historical recovery: it must be noted that Parrini was (according to Tony Gorman's 2010 overview of Egyptian anarchism) a "staunch anti-organisationalist, ... notorious for his uncompromising style and ... a persistent obstacle to greater cooperation among anarchists. Not until after his death in 1906 was a national program of action agreed which provided a solid basis for collaboration within the Egyptian movement." His current was in constant conflict with the growing, eventually ascendant, anarcho-syndicalists. Nonetheless, these memoirs -- despite their polemical quality and imbalances -- are a valuable testimony, deserving of wider circulation, not least for their insider view, from the perspective of one current in the movement.

The material is sourced from Leonardo Bettini, "Bibliografia dell'anarchismo, volume 2, tomo 2: periodici e numeri unici anarchici in lingua italiana pubblicati all'estero (1872-1971)" (CP editrice, Firenze, 1976), translation by Nestor McNab. Via Lucien van der Walt. ... read full story / add a comment
france / belgium / luxemburg / migration / racism / non-anarchist press Thursday January 08, 2015 - 01:11 byRichard Seymour
Many journalists at the offices of Charlie Hebdo have been murdered by bampots brandishing what appear to be machine guns at close range. It is too soon to have a complete, coherent political narrative of these killings. All one can have at this point are the correct but platitudinous points about there being no justification for this, that all attacks on journalists are abhorrent, that freedom of speech must be defended to the last drop of blood, and so on. If you really need that sermon, you’re in the wrong place. ... read full story / add a comment
mashriq / arabia / iraq / imperialism / war / non-anarchist press Saturday December 27, 2014 - 04:10 byClass War   text 2 comments (last - thursday january 08, 2015 - 14:32)
The text “In Rojava: People’s War is not Class War”, which you can read below, represents a contribution of the “Internationalist Communist Tendency” (ICT) to a debate that has been taking place in certain circles claiming “anti-capitalist struggle” since several weeks. The central points of this discussion are current events in Western Kurdistan - Rojava. ... read full story / add a comment
machrek / arabie / irak / impérialisme / guerre / presse non anarchiste Saturday December 27, 2014 - 03:53 byGuerre de classe
Le texte « Rojava : la Guerre Populaire, ce n’est pas la Guerre de Classe », que vous pouvez lire ci-dessous, représente une contribution de la « Tendance Communiste Internationaliste » (TCI) au débat qui a lieu depuis plusieurs semaines dans certains milieux qui se revendiquent de la « lutte anticapitaliste ». Les points centraux de cette discussion tournent autour des événements actuels au Kurdistan occidental, le Rojava. ... read full story / add a comment
nord america / messico / genero / altra stampa libertaria Monday December 08, 2014 - 15:27 byDr. Zakk Flash
Studenti e studentesse della Norman High School a Norman, in Oklahoma, sono uscit* dalle loro classi alle 9.20 di lunedì 24 novembre per essere salutat* da centinaia di attivist* e sostenitori solidali con loro con grande coraggio. In quanto sindacato impegnato nella abolizione del patriarcato e di tutte le forme di sfruttamento, l'Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) si schiera solidale con questi studenti/esse ed era presente alla manifestazione. Christophe Parsons, delegato per l'IWW dell'Oklahoma IWW, ha fatto parte del gruppo degli/lle organizzatori/trici. Parsons ha dichiarato che: "In quanto amico delle vittime ed in quanto sindacalista rivoluzionario impegnato nella costruzione di un nuovo mondo, l'inazione non era possibile. Sono orgoglioso de* mie* compagn* di scuola e de* sostenitori/trici nel quartiere che si sono strett* intorno a queste ragazze, e sono orgoglioso del mio sindacato che ha dimostrato un'incredibile solidarietà e sostegno per questo evento." [English] ... read full story / add a comment
Ayanda Kota, chairperson of the Unemployed People's Movement. Photo by Jon Pienaar.
southern africa / the left / non-anarchist press Friday December 05, 2014 - 15:14 byAyanda Kota   image 1 image
Some NGOs with no membership that cast themselves as "radical" misuse grassroots organisations for their own purposes, writes Ayanda Kota. ... read full story / add a comment
Picture credit: Numsa
southern africa / the left / non-anarchist press Monday December 01, 2014 - 18:46 byJane Duncan   image 1 image
The country’s largest trade union federation, the Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu), has expelled the National Union of Metalworkers’ of South Africa (Numsa), for not supporting the African National Congress (ANC). Anyone in South Africa who doesn’t know this news must have been living under a rock for the past week.
... read full story / add a comment
venezuela / colombia / imperialismo / guerra / non-anarchist press Thursday November 27, 2014 - 22:37 byTimoleón Jiménez
El Presidente emplea de mil modos la bandera de la solución civilizada al conflicto armado. Manifiesta su devoción por figurar en la historia como el hombre que consiguió la paz. Riñe incluso con los declarados defensores de la solución militar. Pacta con la insurgencia una Agenda sobre la cual realizar conversaciones definitivas. Se ufana de los avances alcanzados y habla de perseverar. Hasta promociona en el exterior el posconflicto. ... read full story / add a comment
north america / mexico / gender / other libertarian press Monday November 24, 2014 - 11:30 byDr. Zakk Flash
Students at Norman High School in Norman, Oklahoma will walk out of their classes at 9:20 A.M. on Monday, November 24th, 2014 to be greeted by hundreds of activists and supporters boldly standing with them in solidarity.

As a union committed to the abolition of patriarchy and all forms of exploitation, the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) stands with these students in solidarity and will be represented at the walkout. Christophe Parsons, a delegate for the Oklahoma IWW, was part of the core group of organizers. Parsons said, "Both as a friend of the survivor and as a revolutionary unionist committed to building a new world, inaction was not an option. I am proud of my fellow students and community supporters who have rallied around these girls, and I am proud of my union, which has showed incredible solidarity and support in organizing this event." [Italiano] ... read full story / add a comment
venezuela / colombia / imperialismo / guerra / non-anarchist press Thursday November 20, 2014 - 19:46 byDelegación de Paz
El más destellante logro de 2 años de proceso de paz en La Habana es la progresiva expansión del sentimiento de reconciliación en el corazón de los colombianos. ... read full story / add a comment
venezuela / colombia / imperialismo / guerra / non-anarchist press Tuesday November 18, 2014 - 23:16 byESTADO MAYOR DEL BLOQUE IVAN RÍOS
El día 16 de noviembre, a eso de las 15:00 horas, unidades guerrilleras pertenecientes al Bloque Iván Ríos de las FARC-EP, en ejercicio de sus tareas de seguridad, interceptaron, en uno de los retenes móviles que mantienen a orillas del río Atrato, el bote en que se trasladaba el señor Brigadier General del Ejército Nacional, en servicio activo, Rubén Darío Alzate Mora, comandante de la denominada Fuerza de Tarea Conjunta Titán que opera en esta zona del país. ... read full story / add a comment
venezuela / colombia / community struggles / non-anarchist press Saturday November 15, 2014 - 22:32 byNelson Lombana Silva
A pesar del miedo que imprimieron algunos medios de comunicación del orden regional de que había inseguridad en el sur del Tolima por supuestas acciones de la guerrilla y la lluvia pertinaz, cerca de cuatro mil campesinos se movilizaron por las principales calles del municipio de Planadas (Tolima), rechazando decididamente la presencia en la zona de las multinacionales y transnacionales que amenazan con robarse las innumerables riquezas de esta vasta región del país. ... read full story / add a comment
venezuela / colombia / imperialismo / guerra / non-anarchist press Saturday November 15, 2014 - 22:10 byESTADO MAYOR BLOQUE COMANDANTE JORGE BRICEÑO
El señor general Lasprilla, comandante del Ejército Nacional, ha salido a los medios a mentir nuevamente con relación a las FARC-EP y a los desarrollos del conflicto armado interno.
... read full story / add a comment
venezuela / colombia / imperialismo / guerra / non-anarchist press Friday November 14, 2014 - 20:53 byESTADO MAYOR BLOQUE OCCIDENTAL COMANDANTE ALFONSO CANO
El Bloque Occidental Comandante Alfonso Cano de las FARC-EP, con el propósito de contextualizar y aclarar ante la opinión pública los hechos sucedidos el pasado día 5 de noviembre en la vereda Sesteadero del municipio de Toribío, Cauca, informa: ... read full story / add a comment
iberia / vari / altra stampa libertaria Tuesday November 11, 2014 - 02:09 byGianni Sartori   text 1 comment (last - sunday august 30, 2015 - 15:39)
Il recente referendum (ma forse sarebbe più corretto parlare di “sondaggio”) in Catalogna ha riportato questa antica “nazione senza stato” alla ribalta. Anche se forse è troppo presto per parlare di “deriva leghista”, va comunque segnalato come negli ultimi anni l'indipendentismo catalano abbia smorzato il suo carattere di forza sostanzialmente di sinistra (in particolare da quando anche CiU si dichiara indipendentista). Un breve ripasso per comprendere comunque le ragioni dei catalani nei confronti dell'evidente sciovinismo (e militarismo) madrileno. ... read full story / add a comment
internazionale / storia dell'anarchismo / altra stampa libertaria Monday November 10, 2014 - 20:43 byGianni Sartori   text 2 comments (last - wednesday december 09, 2015 - 14:05)
Di Puig Antich si era tornati a parlare dopo la realizzazione di un film giudicato non troppo benevolmente dagli ex militanti del MIL . Probabilmente riduttivo nei confronti di Salvador (descritto come un giovane ribelle, figlio del suo tempo...) e della sua militanza anticapitalista e libertaria. La sua vicenda, conclusasi tragicamente, appare emblematica per la storia del movimento anarchico, non solo iberico. ... read full story / add a comment
A Post Office van is set alight in Rosebank on September 2, 2014 in Johannesburg, South Africa. The Post Office recently announced it planned to fire 473 casual workers who had been on illegal strike. (Photo by Gallo Images / The Times / Moeletsi Mabe)
southern africa / workplace struggles / non-anarchist press Monday November 10, 2014 - 15:26 byThabiso Bopape   image 1 image
Thabiso Bopape from a workers' committee that has been involved in ongoing strikes in the Post Office and that founded the Democratic Postal and Communications Union (Depacu) talks about the struggle of casual workers to ban labour brokers and to be directly and permanently employed by the South African Post Office (Sapo).

This discussion took place on 10 October, 2014, and so there have been some developments since then. The strike referred to by Thobiso was called off shortly after the interview, after the Minister intervened to address their demands, but a group of workers organised under the Communication Workers Union (CWU) remains out on strike at the time of publication.
... read full story / add a comment
francia / belgio / lussemburgo / ambiente / altra stampa libertaria Saturday November 08, 2014 - 15:58 byGianni Sartori   text 4 comments (last - friday december 05, 2014 - 16:12)
Notre dame des Landes: una lotta esemplare contro il devastante progetto di un nuovo aeroporto per la città di Nantes ... read full story / add a comment
venezuela / colombia / imperialismo / guerra / non-anarchist press Friday November 07, 2014 - 08:51 byCOCE
La Dirección Nacional del ELN informa a la opinión pública que: ... read full story / add a comment
africa meridionale / lotte indigene / altra stampa libertaria Friday November 07, 2014 - 00:18 byGianni Sartori   text 1 comment (last - tuesday december 08, 2015 - 15:08)
Come spesso accade in molte rivoluzioni parziali ("a metà" o anche meno...) , quando i resistenti non vengono semplicemente eliminati, rischiano comunque di ritrovarsi abbandonati, esclusi...è capitato a molti nostri partigiani nel dopoguerra, capiterà ancora... ... read full story / add a comment

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Employees at the Zarfati Garage in Mishur Adumim vote to strike on July 22, 2014. (Photo courtesy of Ma’an workers union)

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Algunas reflexiones en torno al poder y la institucionalidad a 80 años de la Revolución Española

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The Coup in Turkey: Tyranny against tyranny does not make freedom

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leonduarte.jpg imageUruguay: 40 Años, León Duarte, presente 19:13 Fri 22 Jul by AGRUPACIÓN “LA HUELLA” / LISTA 5 0 comments

13 de julio de 1976, León “Loco” Duarte

13 de julio de 1985, Washington “Perro” Pérez

spainbarricade2.jpg image80 χρόνια κοινωνική ε... 17:42 Fri 22 Jul by Αναρχοσυνδικαλιστική Πρωτοβουλία Ροσινάντε 0 comments

Γιατί η ιστορία του ανθρώπου δεν έχει τέλος, είναι η ιστορία της ελευθερίας. Και μέσα σε αυτήν, οι άξεστοι εργάτες και οι ξωμάχοι αγρότες της Καταλονίας, της Αραγονίας, των Αστουριών, υπήρξαν οι πρώτοι αληθινοί ενήλικες ανάμεσά μας: Χωρίς θεό και χωρίς αφέντη.

cny5szixeaatnwy.jpg imageΣτα στρατόπεδα Παρ&#... 18:03 Thu 21 Jul by «δυσήνιος ίππος» 0 comments

Την Τετάρτη 20 Ιούλη διαδηλώσαμε μαζί με συντρόφους και συντρόφισσες από την Ελλάδα και πολλές χώρες της Ευρώπης στα κέντρα κράτησης μεταναστών και προσφύγων στο Παρανέστι Δράμας και στην Ξάνθη. Στο στρατόπεδο συγκέντρωσης στο Παρανέστι, ισχυρές αστυνομικές δυνάμεις είχαν αποκλείσει κάθε πρόσβαση προς το χώρο και μόνο ένας μικρός αριθμός διαδηλωτών κατάφερε να μπει στο χώρο και να έρθει σε επικοινωνία με τους πρόσφυγες και τους μετανάστες, οι οποίοι μετέφεραν πως αντιμετωπίζουν πολλά προβλήματα σίτισης και ιατρικής περίθαλψης.

578591f8baa1d.jpeg imageA mes y medio del paro camionero: ¡La lucha viva en las carreteras! 10:22 Thu 21 Jul by Steven Crux 0 comments

Se completa cerca de 44 días de, quizás, el paro más largo y radical que ha vivido el gobierno Santos. Las noticias se llenan de disturbios, llantas quemadas, autos estrellados, intervenciones policiales, la subida de los precios de la canasta familiar y de discursos presidenciales, por supuesto, acompañando al gobernante de la nación siempre los altos comandantes de la policía y el Ejército.

rocinante.jpg imageΝα απαλλάξουμε την &... 04:57 Thu 21 Jul by Αναρχοσυνδικαλιστική Πρωτοβουλία Ροσινάντε 0 comments

Να απαλλάξουμε την ανθρωπότητα από τη δολοφονική μηχανή των κρατών, των θρησκειών και του Κεφαλαίου. Να αναδείξουμε την τρυφερότητα της ελευθερίας και της αλληλεγγύης.

turkey_coup_2737355_1.jpg imageDarbe Devlettir, Devrim Özgürlük! 05:54 Wed 20 Jul by Devrimci Anarşist Faaliyet 0 comments

1980 darbesinden bu yana, bu topraklardaki devlet varlığının kaçınılmaz bir siyasi gerçeği olan darbe, 36 yıl sonra 15 Temmuz’unu 16’sına bağlayan gece vuku buldu. İstanbul ve Ankara merkezli gerçekleşen askeri hareketlilikte pek çok devlet binası bir süreliğine bloke edildi. Ankara’da savaş uçaklarının havalanması ve İstanbul’da köprülerin askerler tarafından trafiğe kapatılmasıyla başlayan darbe, Genelkurmay Başkanı’nın rehin alınması, sokaklarda tank ve silah seslerinin yükselmesiyle devam etti. MİT Müsteşarlığı binasından TBMM’ye birçok devlet binası F16’lar ve helikopterlerle vuruldu; pek çok yerde asker ve polis arasında silahlı çatışmalar yaşandı. Bu gelişmeleri izleyen süreçte devlet televizyonunun yayını kesilerek canlı yayında “Yurtta Sulh Konseyi” imzası taşıyan darbe bildirisi okundu. “5 saatlik darbe” sona erdiğinde yüz üzerinde asker, 80 üzerinde polis ve 80 üzerinde darbe karşıtı protestocu öldü. Aralarında çok sayıda yüksek rütbeli komutanın bulunduğu 2839 asker gözaltına alındı.

turkey_coup_2737355.jpg imageCoup is the State, Revolution is Liberty! 05:41 Wed 20 Jul by Devrimci Anarşist Faaliyet 0 comments

The coup, which has been an inevitable reality of the state presence in this geography since the military coup of 1980, arose after 36 years, on the night of July 15. Many state buildings were blocked for a few hours during the military mobilisation based in Istanbul and Ankara. The coup started with flypast of fighter jets in Ankara and blocking of bridges in Istanbul by soldiers, and continued with taking hostage of chief of general staff and tank noise and gun shots in the streets. Many state buildings were shot by F16s and helicopters including the parliament building and the headquarters of National Intelligence Organisation; There were clash of arms in many places between soldiers and police. Following the events, national state television broadcast was cut and the coup declaration signed 'Peace at Home Council'' was read. When the ''5 Hour Coup'' ended, more than one hundred soldiers, more than eighty police officers and more than eighty anti-coup protesters died. 2839 soldiers, among them many high ranked ones, were taken into custody.

13734764_548758241978847_977224745_n.jpg imageSantiago de Chile: Marcha Multisectorial-Territorial en la Zona Norte 06:50 Tue 19 Jul by Camila Jiménez 0 comments

Los y las integrantes de sindicatos, organizaciones estudiantiles, territoriales y de pobladoras y pobladores de la zona norte se reunieron esta tarde frente a la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Chile con motivo de la jornada de protesta por la educación.

fotomarcha.jpg imageA marchar este lunes 25 de julio: De la soberanía del cuerpo a la soberanía del pueblo 06:46 Tue 19 Jul by Solidaridad-FCL Valparaíso 0 comments

El aborto ha sido una práctica cultural milenaria realizada a lo largo de la historia entre, por y para mujeres de modo soberano y con autonomía de cualquier autoridad. En el caso de Chile es importante recordar que ya en 1931 el aborto terapéutico como derecho social se encontraba regulado, para luego ser arrebatado en 1975 y ratificada dicha prohibición en 1989 por la dictadura cívico-militar, perpetuando el carácter restringido y autoritario de la actual supuesta democracia.

cordonnorte.jpg image[Chile] Declaración Inter Cordones por toma de sedes de partidos del bloque en el poder 06:42 Tue 19 Jul by Inter Cordones 0 comments

Hoy, los estudiantes de distintas casas de estudios y liceos que nos agrupamos en los cordones territoriales Centro, Bellavista, Norte, Macul y Sur, quienes nos coordinamos en la asamblea Inter-Cordones, realizamos la toma de las sedes de la DC, el PS y el PPD. Denunciamos a todos los partidos de la derecha y la Nueva Mayoría, sin dejar afuera al Partido Comunista y su rol desarticulador del movimiento social. Este es un acto político de protesta, exigiendo el retiro a la reforma de la educación superior, que no responde a las demandas del movimiento estudiantil y promueve el mercado en la educación.

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imageAlgunas reflexiones en torno al “mayo chilote” Jul 22 by Derek Ángulo 0 comments

Durante enero de este año la llegada de la marea roja desató una serie de movilizaciones en la Región de Los Lagos. Esta era la causa principal presentada por el gobierno para la crisis socioambiental que azotaba la región, silenciando las consecuencias de la depredación de las empresas salmoneras en la zona. Una salmonera había vertido el día 9 de mayo, 9 toneladas de desperdicios a 17 millas de la costa de Ancud, con la aprobación de Directemar y Sernapesca. Pero este no era un hecho aislado, ya habían pasado 40 años de industria salmonera en el territorio.

imageSpagna 1936 - le collettività Jul 20 by Alternativa Libertaria/FdCA 0 comments

dal libro di Gaston Leval, "Né Franco né Stalin : le collettività anarchiche spagnole nella lotta contro Franco e la reazione staliniana" Istituto Editoriale Italiano, 1952

textIrriducibilità al capitalismo significa lavorare in termini di partecipazione Jul 20 by Alternativa Libertaria/FdCA 0 comments

post-fazione al libro "Biologico, collettivo, solidale: Dalla filiera agricola alle azioni mutualistiche, il modello partecipativo della Cooperativa Iris" di Monia Andreani, ed.Altreconomia 2016

imageLe coup d'État raté, un "don de Dieu" pour exacerber la dérive autoritaire en Turquie Jul 18 by José Antonio Gutiérrez D. 0 comments

La tentative de coup d'État, mal ficelée et ratée, a été décrite par le président turc Erdoğan "comme un don de Dieu". Certains sont mêmes allés jusqu'à dire que le président turc avait finalement eu son "incendie du Reichstag", qu'il va utiliser comme un prétexte parfait pour continuer à imposer son projet autoritaire et réduire au silence les voix critiques dans le pays comme à l'étranger.

textControriforme e conservazione Jul 17 by Lucio Garofalo 0 comments

Una volta ero convinto che la scuola pubblica italiana fosse un ambiente impermeabile e refrattario alle novità (intese qui in un'accezione deteriore), una categoria sociale restia e diffidente rispetto alle "rivoluzioni di destra" imposte dal capitalismo. Mi sbagliavo clamorosamente...

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imageUruguay: 40 Años, León Duarte, presente Jul 22 LISTA UNITARIA 5-1930 / FUECYS 0 comments

13 de julio de 1976, León “Loco” Duarte

13 de julio de 1985, Washington “Perro” Pérez

image80 χρόνια κοινωνική ε... Jul 22 0 comments

Γιατί η ιστορία του ανθρώπου δεν έχει τέλος, είναι η ιστορία της ελευθερίας. Και μέσα σε αυτήν, οι άξεστοι εργάτες και οι ξωμάχοι αγρότες της Καταλονίας, της Αραγονίας, των Αστουριών, υπήρξαν οι πρώτοι αληθινοί ενήλικες ανάμεσά μας: Χωρίς θεό και χωρίς αφέντη.

imageΝα απαλλάξουμε την &... Jul 21 0 comments

Να απαλλάξουμε την ανθρωπότητα από τη δολοφονική μηχανή των κρατών, των θρησκειών και του Κεφαλαίου. Να αναδείξουμε την τρυφερότητα της ελευθερίας και της αλληλεγγύης.

imageDarbe Devlettir, Devrim Özgürlük! Jul 20 DAF 0 comments

1980 darbesinden bu yana, bu topraklardaki devlet varlığının kaçınılmaz bir siyasi gerçeği olan darbe, 36 yıl sonra 15 Temmuz’unu 16’sına bağlayan gece vuku buldu. İstanbul ve Ankara merkezli gerçekleşen askeri hareketlilikte pek çok devlet binası bir süreliğine bloke edildi. Ankara’da savaş uçaklarının havalanması ve İstanbul’da köprülerin askerler tarafından trafiğe kapatılmasıyla başlayan darbe, Genelkurmay Başkanı’nın rehin alınması, sokaklarda tank ve silah seslerinin yükselmesiyle devam etti. MİT Müsteşarlığı binasından TBMM’ye birçok devlet binası F16’lar ve helikopterlerle vuruldu; pek çok yerde asker ve polis arasında silahlı çatışmalar yaşandı. Bu gelişmeleri izleyen süreçte devlet televizyonunun yayını kesilerek canlı yayında “Yurtta Sulh Konseyi” imzası taşıyan darbe bildirisi okundu. “5 saatlik darbe” sona erdiğinde yüz üzerinde asker, 80 üzerinde polis ve 80 üzerinde darbe karşıtı protestocu öldü. Aralarında çok sayıda yüksek rütbeli komutanın bulunduğu 2839 asker gözaltına alındı.

imageCoup is the State, Revolution is Liberty! Jul 20 DAF 0 comments

The coup, which has been an inevitable reality of the state presence in this geography since the military coup of 1980, arose after 36 years, on the night of July 15. Many state buildings were blocked for a few hours during the military mobilisation based in Istanbul and Ankara. The coup started with flypast of fighter jets in Ankara and blocking of bridges in Istanbul by soldiers, and continued with taking hostage of chief of general staff and tank noise and gun shots in the streets. Many state buildings were shot by F16s and helicopters including the parliament building and the headquarters of National Intelligence Organisation; There were clash of arms in many places between soldiers and police. Following the events, national state television broadcast was cut and the coup declaration signed 'Peace at Home Council'' was read. When the ''5 Hour Coup'' ended, more than one hundred soldiers, more than eighty police officers and more than eighty anti-coup protesters died. 2839 soldiers, among them many high ranked ones, were taken into custody.

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