preferenze utente

cerca nell'archivio del sito Cerca cerca nell'archivio del sito


Search comments

ricerca avanzata

Prossimi eventi

Anarchist movement

nessun evento corrispondente!
région sud de l'afrique / mouvement anarchiste / communiqué de presse Friday December 12, 2014 06:49 byZabalaza Anarchist Communist Front
Le Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Front [Ndt. Organisation communiste libertaire d’Afrique du Sud] est profondément attristé d’apprendre la mort d’un grand être humain, un frère africain et un camarade de lutte – Sam Mbah. Nous voudrions envoyer nos plus sincères sympathies à ceux et celles qui ont connu Sam. Nous espérons que vous puissiez vous consoler par le fait qu’il a fait le plus pleinement usage du temps passé avec nous. leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
ireland / britain / anarchist movement / news report Thursday October 16, 2014 21:04 byAndrew
The Workers Solidarity Movement had out conference last weekend at which many of the conclusions from the collections education and discussion process we have had over the last 2-3 years were formalised as policies. leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
regione balcanica / movimento anarchico / documento politico Thursday September 18, 2014 13:29 bybask/bab
E' evidente che il nazionalismo è uno strumento usato contro le classi sfruttate. Nei Balcani, (specialmente nella regione della ex-Jugoslavia), negli anni '90, il sorgere dell'ideologia nazionalista contribuì a rendere possibile il brutale attaco capitalista contro la società. La popolazione ne uscì atomizzata e vennero distrutte le pre-esistenti reti di solidarietà e di cooperazione. [English] leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
balkans region / anarchist movement / policy statement Monday September 15, 2014 17:44 bybask/bab
It is clear that nationalism is a tool used against the exploited classes. In the Balkans, (especially in the region of ex-Yugoslavia) the rise of nationalist ideology in the 1990’s helped enable the brutal capitalist attack against society. It further atomized the population and destroyed established networks of cooperation and solidarity. [Italiano] leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
américa central / caribe / movimiento anarquista / comunicado de prensa Monday September 01, 2014 07:31 byTaller Libertario Alfredo López
Para ello proponemos la realización en marzo de 2015 en la región dominicana del primer encuentro constitutivo de la F.A.C.-C. [Centroamérica] (nombre provisional) de individualidades y “delegados” de colectivos ácratas en la región, que sea el punto de cierre inicial para confrontarse y coordinar acciones, ideas e insumos, a partir de los ejes temáticos que emerjan de los colectivos en cada localidad. [English] leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
américa central / caribe / movimiento anarquista / opinión / análisis Monday September 01, 2014 07:12 byTALLER LIBERTARIO ALFREDO LÓPEZ
Hace unos días en la primera semana de agosto los medios de fabricación masiva de opiniones en Cuba, en manos de la Seguridad del Estado, el Buró Político, y los Departamento Ideológico del MINFAR y el MININT, nos han regalado un nuevo capítulo de la historia de sus hazañas laborales, en el combate directo a las operaciones de subversión del gobierno yanqui. leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
central america / caribbean / anarchist movement / press release Monday September 01, 2014 07:10 byTaller Libertario Alfredo Lopez
For all this we propose a constitutive meeting of the F.A.C.-C [-Central American] (Caribbean and Central American Anarchist Federation) in the Dominican Republic in March of 2015. We call individuals and “delegates” of anarchist collectives in the region to join us in this meeting that will be an initial decisive moment to compare and coordinate actions, ideas and supplies based on the topics/themes that would emerge from each collective according to their location. [Castellano] leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
balkans region / anarchist movement / anarchist communist event Monday July 14, 2014 20:38 byBalkan Anarchist Bookfair
The Eighth Balkan Anarchist Bookfair will take place in Mostar (Bosnia and Hercegovina) on 5th and 6th of September 2014 as part of the Anti-fascist festival, an annual Mostar event. leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
iberia / movimiento anarquista / opinión / análisis Monday July 07, 2014 21:56 byRevista Estudios
Artículo de Aris Tsioumas traducido para la revista Estudios, editada por la Secretaría de Formación y Estudios de la CNT-AIT. leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
north america / mexico / anarchist movement / anarchist communist event Tuesday June 24, 2014 16:24 byTresnia
On July 30th in Dallas, Texas the American Legislative Exchange council will be meeting in Dallas, we'll be there to stand up and fight back! leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
internacional / movimento anarquista / debate Thursday April 03, 2014 21:15 byÉrrico Malatesta
"Entre os anarquistas existem os revolucionários que acreditam que é necessário abater, pela força, a força que mantém a ordem atual, para criar um ambiente no qual seja possível a evolução livre dos indivíduos e das coletividades. E existem os educacionistas que pensam que só se pode chegar à transformação social, transformando antes os indivíduos, por meio da educação e da propaganda. Existem partidários da não-violência ou da resistência passiva, que evitam a violência ainda que seja para combater a violência. E existem aqueles que admitem a necessidade da violência, os quais se dividem, por sua vez, no que diz respeito à natureza, alcance e limites da violência licita." leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
international / anarchist movement / debate Thursday December 12, 2013 19:18 byLucien van der Walt
Examining the theory and practice of ‘mass’ anarchism and syndicalism, this paper argues against Daryl Glaser’s views that workers’ council democracy fails basic democratic benchmarks and that, envisaged as a simple instrument of a revolution imagined in utopian ‘year zero’ terms, it will probably collapse or end in ‘Stalinist’ authoritarianism—Glaser also argues instead for parliaments, supplemented by participatory experiments. While agreeing with Glaser on the necessity of a ‘democratic minimum’ of pluralism, rights, and open-ended outcomes, I demonstrate, in contrast, that this ‘minimum’ is perfectly compatible with bottom-up council democracy and self-management, as envisaged in anarchist/syndicalist theory, and as implemented by anarchist revolutions in Manchuria, Spain and Ukraine. This approach seeks to maximise individual freedom through an egalitarian, democratic, participatory order, developed as both means and outcome of revolution; it consistently insists that attempts to ‘save’ revolutions by suspending freedoms, instead destroy both. Parliament, again in contrast to Glaser, from this perspective, meets no ‘democratic minimum’, being part of the state, a centralized, unaccountable institutional nexus essential to domination and exploitation by a ruling class of state managers and capitalists. Rather than participate in parliaments, ‘mass’ anarchism argues for popular class autonomy from, and struggle against, the existing order as a means of winning economic and political reforms while—avoiding ‘year zero’ thinking—also building the new society, within and against, the old, through a prefigurative project of revolutionary counter-power and counter-culture. Revolution here means the complete expansion of a bottom-up democracy, built through a class struggle for economic and social equality, and requiring the defeat of the ruling class, which is itself the outcome of widespread, free acceptance of anarchism, and of a pluralistic council democracy and self-management system. leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
bolivia / peru / ecuador / chile / movimiento anarquista / opinión / análisis Tuesday October 22, 2013 11:26 byTomás Torres, Eduardo Cárcamo
El presente texto pretende ser un aporte a la discusión que se ha generado en los sectores comunistas libertarios, en torno a la coyuntura eleccionaria. Además es un llamado a que los compañeros de regiones comencemos a formar parte del debate para aportar desde nuestros contextos a la discusión del período. leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
italia / svizzera / movimento anarchico / intervista Thursday August 01, 2013 22:54 byCollettivo redazionale di Roma
L'idea di realizzare questa intervista ci era venuta già nella seconda metà di giugno, quando avevamo letto il comunicato di indizione della festa di Alternativa Libertaria. L'elemento stimolante dell'iniziativa stava, a nostro avviso, nell'intento di rilanciare con forza, nel contesto attuale, l'ipotesi autogestionaria. Certo, molti rimarranno perplessi di fronte a un simile proposito, perché negli ultimi anni il termine autogestione ha spesso indicato la prassi di liberare spazi, finendo per disinteressarsi del contesto circostante. Ma l'impostazione della Federazione dei Comunisti Anarchici è ben altra, come emerge da questa conversazione. leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
mashrek / arabia / irak / movimento anarchico / intervista Thursday July 25, 2013 16:46 byJoshua Stephens
In Palestina, spesso ci sono stati storicamente elementi di auto-organizzazione nella lotta popolare. Anche se non esplicitamente ascrivibili all'anarchismo in quanto tale. "Le persone già organizzano le loro vite su basi orizzontali o non gerarchiche", dice Beesan Ramadan, anarchica del posto, la quale definisce l'anarchismo come una "tattica" dubitando della necessità di darsi delle etichette. leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
greece / turkey / cyprus / anarchist movement / news report Friday June 21, 2013 17:37 byRevolutionary Anarchist Action
On İstiklal Street, around French Consolate, 200 meters far from police, holding the stones of the beach in one hand and the flag of the revolt in the other you are clshing with the police. A piece of cloth wet with talcid is your gas mask, police is spraying pressured water, throwing gas bombs one and after, you are left in the middle of gas retreating throwing stones you are out of breath smothered, breatheless at that moment somebody run near you, spray water with antiacid on your face, asking “how are you, are you okay?” You are not okay but immediately you get well. leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
greece / turkey / cyprus / anarchist movement / news report Monday June 03, 2013 13:14 byDAF
This is just the beginning, the struggle is going on.
Revolt is out of time and space. For about 40 hours from Istiklal to Harbiye, from Tarlabasi to Besiktas the freedom of a rebellion is being felt. We come in to Taksim Square from Istiklal, after forty hours of clashes. Law enforcement officers run away with all their vehicles. Forty hours, forty years, the square has been a world for us.
This was the freedom of rebellion, maybe the most frightening slogan was that, this is just the beginning the struggle is going on.
Yes, our struggle is going on till we grow our free world, which we carry in our hearts. leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
north america / mexico / anarchist movement / opinion / analysis Wednesday April 17, 2013 08:22 byAdam Weaver and SN Nappalos
This essay is an argument for moving towards national organization in the United States. It explores the limitations of political organization today, recent positive experiences, and possible ways to build on the present to push forward. leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
north america / mexico / anarchist movement / anarchist communist event Thursday February 14, 2013 07:37 byCB
The 7th Annual NYC Anarchist Book Fair will happen April 5-7, at the Clemente Soto Velez Cultural Center on the Lower East Side. leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
north america / mexico / anarchist movement / news report Tuesday December 18, 2012 23:15 byMexico ABC
In recent days, following the events of the demonstrations on December 1st for the presidential inauguration of Enrique Peña Nieto, during which the police forces, both of the Federal [national] and Federal District [Mexico City] forces, brutally repressed demonstrators - officials of the Federal District government, amongst whom were the head of government of the FD and the capital's attorney, have made statements declaring that those responsible for the clashes are anarchist groups.[Castellano] [Français] [Deutsch] leggi tutto / aggiungi un commento
This page can be viewed in
English Italiano Deutsch
Issue #4 of the Newsletter of the Tokologo African Anarchist Collective

Features

After the election of Syriza in Greece - Power is not in Parliament

[Chile] Movimiento Estudiantil: ¿En dónde debemos enfocar nuestros esfuerzos?

Je ne suis pas Charlie

México en llamas: raíces y perspectivas de una lucha que avanza y la crisis de un sistema político

Sobre la liberación de prisioneros y el restablecimiento de relaciones diplomáticas, por los gobiernos de Cuba y EE.UU.

No to Golden Dawn in Australia!

Abusos y arbitrariedad - retención de JOSÉ A. GUTIÉRREZ, en el bajo Caguán, Caquetá

Could a Revolution Happen in the US?

An Anarchist Communist Reply to ‘Rojava: An Anarcho-Syndicalist Perspective’

Lutar e vencer fora das urnas

In the Rubble of US Imperialism

Elementos da Conjuntura Eleitoral 2014

The experiment of West Kurdistan (Syrian Kurdistan) has proved that people can make changes

[Chile] EL FTEM promueve una serie de “jornadas de debate sindical”

Ukraine: Interview with a Donetsk anarchist

The present confrontation between the Zionist settler colonialist project in Palestine and the indigenous working people

Prisões e mais criminalização marcam o final da Copa do Mundo no Brasil

An Anarchist Response to a Trotskyist Attack: Review of “An Introduction to Marxism and Anarchism” by Alan Woods (2011)

هەڵوێستی سەربەخۆی جەماوەر لە نێوان داعش و &

Contra a Copa e a Repressão: Somente a Luta e Organização!

Nota Pública de soldariedade e denúncia

Üzüntümüz Öfkemizin Tohumudur

Uruguay, ante la represión y el abuso policial

To vote or not to vote: Should it be a question?

Anarchist movement

Fri 30 Jan, 09:41

browse text browse image

amara.jpg imageAnarchist Women: "Long Live Freedom, Long Live Anarchism!" 00:08 Thu 01 Jan by Anarşist Kadınlar 0 comments

Anarchist Women attending to the Young Women Conference, in a small village Amara which is in Urfa (Kurdistan), made a speech on the resistance in Kobane, the effect of women on this resistance and women's freedom struggle.

logo.jpg imageH ΕΣΕ στο πλευρό των ]... 12:48 Fri 26 Dec by Ελευθεριακή Συνδικαλιστική Ένωση Αθήνας 0 comments

Την Παρασκευή 19/12 επισκεφτήκαμε τους Σύριους πρόσφυγες που διαμένουν σε ξενοδοχείο στο κέντρο της Αθήνας, περιμένοντας την υλοποίηση των δεσμεύσεων που ανέλαβε το ελληνικό κράτος (χορήγηση ασύλου και ταξιδιωτικών εγγράφων). Μεταφέραμε και παραδώσαμε ρούχα, παπούτσια και φάρμακα, συμβάλοντας στην προσπάθεια να καλυφθούν οι βασικές ανάγκες τους. Συζητήσαμε μαζί τους για τον πόλεμο στη χώρα τους, την προσφυγοποίησή τους, τον αγώνα τους. Ακούσαμε τα προβλήματα και τις αγωνίες τους. Υποσχεθήκαμε να κρατήσουμε επαφή μαζί τους και να βοηθήσουμε όπου χρειαστεί και όπου μπορούμε.

Sam Mbah imageNecrologio dell'anarchico nigeriano Sam Mbah (1963-2014) 13:55 Sun 14 Dec by Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Front 0 comments

Il Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Front esprime la sua più profonda tristezza per la morte di San Mbah, un grande uomo, un fratello africano, un nostro compagno di lotta. Esprimiamo le nostre più sincere condoglianze a tutti coloro che conoscevano Sam. Ci sia di conforto sapere che il tempo da egli ha trascorso con noi è stato assolutamente di grande aiuto. [English]

textDécès de l’anarchiste nigérien Sam Mbah 06:49 Fri 12 Dec by Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Front 0 comments

Le Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Front [Ndt. Organisation communiste libertaire d’Afrique du Sud] est profondément attristé d’apprendre la mort d’un grand être humain, un frère africain et un camarade de lutte – Sam Mbah. Nous voudrions envoyer nos plus sincères sympathies à ceux et celles qui ont connu Sam. Nous espérons que vous puissiez vous consoler par le fait qu’il a fait le plus pleinement usage du temps passé avec nous.

Sam Mbah imageObituary of Nigerian anarchist Sam Mbah 14:34 Tue 09 Dec by Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Front 0 comments

Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Front is deeply saddened to hear of the death a great human being, African brother, and fellow activist – Sam Mbah. We would like to send our deepest sympathies to those who knew Sam. We hope that you are comforted by the fact that the time he did spend with us was put to its absolute fullest use. [Italiano]

rw5azgu_2isdls_eubgmsbmk_e4qpw8dtxnin94iqdwhj4a4z7bmqssmpyzqbta6rqp4ku8ihggs4aqynrvy4xelb5285z7eas0de1ft.jpg imageΓια τη φωτιά σε κατά... 03:38 Tue 09 Dec by Dmitri 0 comments

Με αφορμή την προσπάθεια πυρπόλησης καταστήματος επίπλων, στο οποίο βρίσκονταν πελάτες και εργαζόμενοι, στο κέντρο της Θεσσαλονίκης την ώρα της πορείας, οι αντιεξουσιαστικές ομάδες της Θεσσαλονίκης εξέδωσαν ανακοίνωση, θέλοντας να διαχωρίσουν τη θέση τους από τέτοιες πρακτικές.

daf_clash_with_police.jpg imageDAF salutes comrade Nikos 04:56 Sun 07 Dec by DAF 0 comments

Today, we were in streets for Alexis who was murdered by Greek State and for Nikos Romanos who is in hunger strike for 26 days against the repression of the same state.
Today, we were in streets for our sisters and brothers who has been murdered while resisting in Greece, in Ferguson, in Mexico, in Kobanê.
Today, we were in streets for Berkin, Ali İsmail, Ethem, Arin, Kader, Suphi Nejat.
While states are killing our sisters and brothers in whole over the world; we, revolutionary anarchists were in the streets with our anger to states, capitalists, companies and murderers. Even police held up our way and attacked us with their plastic bullets, gas bombs and batons; they couldn't achieve to supress our anger. We resisted with our black flags while rising out our slogans.
This passion for freedom is getting bigger today; the anger for the ones' that has been murdered by state flare up our riot.
Revolutionary Anarchist Action salutes comrade Nikos Romanos' and his resistance.

lcg.jpg imageNasce in Galles un'organizzazione especifista 14:03 Mon 17 Nov by Libertarian Communist Group 0 comments

Il Libertarian Communist Group si è formalmente costituito durante l'assemblea tenutasi nel Galles del Nord, sabato 8 novembre 2014, nel giorno dell'anniversario della nascita di Nestor Makhno, il famoso anarchico ucraino. [English]

10615506_309374519249982_368096889833490636_n.jpg image“Κοινωνικός Αναρχι&#... 17:59 Sun 16 Nov by Dmitri (republishing) 0 comments

Κυκλοφόρησε από τις Ελευθεριακές Εκδόσεις Κουρσάλ το 3ο τεύχος της πολιτικής επιθεώρησης “Κοινωνικός Αναρχισμός”, έχοντας ως κύρια θεματική το έμφυλο ζήτημα.

solidaridadn26_portada_web.jpg image[Chile] Pronto circulará una nueva edición de Solidaridad 20:51 Fri 14 Nov by Solidaridad 0 comments

Con mucho agrado anunciamos que pronto circulará por distintos puntos del país la edición impresa N°26 de Solidaridad “Hay un mundo nuevo por ganar”. A continuación exponemos los contenidos de esta edición:

more >>

imageFronts anticapitalistes Jan 05 by Commission internationale A.L. 0 comments

Alternative libertaire milite pour la constitution de Fronts anticapitalistes partout où c'est possible. L'objectif ? Regrouper localement toutes celles et ceux qui veulent riposter globalement aux attaques du gouvernement et du Medef, qu’ils/elles soient organisé-e-s ou pas, et qui souhaitent le faire sur une base anticapitaliste.

image¡Yo no olvido al año viejo!… y Perspectivas para el que viene Dec 31 by Colectivo Contrainformativo SubVersión 0 comments

Y mientras proponemos lo anterior sabemos muy bien que el capitalismo en boca seguirá con alaridos de los mass media, shows mediáticos, información disfrazada y comunicación enajenada, a lo que nuestra labor estará -como lo hemos venido haciendo- subvirtiendo la información, contraponiéndola al Poder y al Capital, volviéndola herramienta de Liberación y Emancipación. Allá donde las resistencias se encuentren, donde la confrontación sea realidad viva, Subversión estará contrainformando e interpretando la realidad desde el lente anárquico, forjando comunicación para la confrontación.

imageKevin Carson’s Revival of Individualist Anarchist Economic Theory Nov 30 by Wayne Price 2 comments

This is a review of Kevin Carson's "Studies in Mutualist Political Economy". Carson seeks to revive individualist anarchist economic theory. Taking from Marxist and pro-capitalist economic theories, he tries to develop an anarchist economics which can analyze existing capitalism as well as provide a model for a market-based but non-capitalist stateless economy.

imageΓια τη δημιουργία ε&... Nov 26 by Dmitri 0 comments

Το παρών κείμενο δημοσιεύτηκε στο τέταρτο τεύχος (Άνοιξη-Καλοκαίρι 2002) του περιοδικού The Northeastern Anarchist που εκδιδόταν από την Northeastern Federation of Anarchist-Communists (NEFAC) μέχρι το 2009. Ο συγγραφέας του κειμένου υπογράφει με το όνομα Beggar. Πηγή: http://www.nefac.net μετάφραση: kostav

imageA Response to Rojava: An anarcho-syndicalist perspective Nov 14 by Hüseyin Civan 0 comments

We are not fortunetellers, we can't possibly know what will happen in Rojava a month or a year from now. We can't know that this social transformation which not only gives us hope as revolutionaries that struggle in a geographically close region, but also feeds our struggle in the regions that we struggle in, would move towards a positive or negative future. But we are revolutionary anarchists. We can't just sit aside, watch what's happening and comment; we take part in social struggles and take action for an anarchist revolution.

more >>

imageH ΕΣΕ στο πλευρό των ]... Dec 26 0 comments

Την Παρασκευή 19/12 επισκεφτήκαμε τους Σύριους πρόσφυγες που διαμένουν σε ξενοδοχείο στο κέντρο της Αθήνας, περιμένοντας την υλοποίηση των δεσμεύσεων που ανέλαβε το ελληνικό κράτος (χορήγηση ασύλου και ταξιδιωτικών εγγράφων). Μεταφέραμε και παραδώσαμε ρούχα, παπούτσια και φάρμακα, συμβάλοντας στην προσπάθεια να καλυφθούν οι βασικές ανάγκες τους. Συζητήσαμε μαζί τους για τον πόλεμο στη χώρα τους, την προσφυγοποίησή τους, τον αγώνα τους. Ακούσαμε τα προβλήματα και τις αγωνίες τους. Υποσχεθήκαμε να κρατήσουμε επαφή μαζί τους και να βοηθήσουμε όπου χρειαστεί και όπου μπορούμε.

imageNecrologio dell'anarchico nigeriano Sam Mbah (1963-2014) Dec 14 ZACF 0 comments

Il Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Front esprime la sua più profonda tristezza per la morte di San Mbah, un grande uomo, un fratello africano, un nostro compagno di lotta. Esprimiamo le nostre più sincere condoglianze a tutti coloro che conoscevano Sam. Ci sia di conforto sapere che il tempo da egli ha trascorso con noi è stato assolutamente di grande aiuto. [English]

textDécès de l’anarchiste nigérien Sam Mbah Dec 12 0 comments

Le Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Front [Ndt. Organisation communiste libertaire d’Afrique du Sud] est profondément attristé d’apprendre la mort d’un grand être humain, un frère africain et un camarade de lutte – Sam Mbah. Nous voudrions envoyer nos plus sincères sympathies à ceux et celles qui ont connu Sam. Nous espérons que vous puissiez vous consoler par le fait qu’il a fait le plus pleinement usage du temps passé avec nous.

imageObituary of Nigerian anarchist Sam Mbah Dec 09 ZACF 0 comments

Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Front is deeply saddened to hear of the death a great human being, African brother, and fellow activist – Sam Mbah. We would like to send our deepest sympathies to those who knew Sam. We hope that you are comforted by the fact that the time he did spend with us was put to its absolute fullest use. [Italiano]

imageΓια τη φωτιά σε κατά... Dec 09 1 of Anarkismo Editorial Group 0 comments

Με αφορμή την προσπάθεια πυρπόλησης καταστήματος επίπλων, στο οποίο βρίσκονταν πελάτες και εργαζόμενοι, στο κέντρο της Θεσσαλονίκης την ώρα της πορείας, οι αντιεξουσιαστικές ομάδες της Θεσσαλονίκης εξέδωσαν ανακοίνωση, θέλοντας να διαχωρίσουν τη θέση τους από τέτοιες πρακτικές.

more >>
© 2001-2015 Anarkismo.net. Salvo indicazioni diversi da parte dell'autore di un articolo, tutto il contenuto del sito può essere liberamente utilizzato per fini non commerciali sulla rete ed altrove. Le opinioni espresse negli articoli sono quelle dei contributori degli articoli e non sono necessariamente condivise da Anarkismo.net. [ Disclaimer | Privacy ]