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International - Anarchist Communist Event
Wednesday August 01 2007
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category international | history of anarchism | anarchist communist event author Sunday May 13, 2007 20:03author by Michael Schmidt & Lucien van der Walt - ZACF, southern Africa Report this post to the editors

A radical new work on anarchist & syndicalist theory & history

Counter-Power Volume 1 (Black Flame: The Revolutionary Class Politics of Anarchism and Syndicalism) will be published in the USA in August, followed six months later by Counter-Power Volume 2 (Global Fire: 150 Fighting Years of Anarchism and Syndicalism).


Black Flame is the first of two volumes that reexamine anarchism's democratic class politics, its vision of a decentralized planned economy, and its impact on popular struggles in five continents over the last 150 years. From the nineteenth century to today's anticapitalist movements, it traces anarchism's lineage and contemporary relevance. It outlines anarchism's insights into questions of race, gender, class, and imperialism, significantly reframing the work of previous historians on the subject, and critiquing Marxist approaches to those same questions.

About the Authors:

Lucien van der Walt teaches development, economic sociology, and labor studies at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Besides the history of anarchism and syndicalism, he researches contemporary labor struggles and neoliberal restructuring in the region. He's published in a wide range of local and international journals, including Capital and Class and the South African Journal of Political Studies.

Michael Schmidt is a senior investigative journalist for the Independent Newspapers Group, based in Johannesburg. He specialises in writing on defence, intelligence, Africa, labour, social movements and extraparliamentary politics. He has a wide range of experience covering conflict zones including Chiapas, Guatemala, Lesotho, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Lebanon and Darfur in print and for radio.

Product Details:

Paperback: 500 pages
Publisher: AK Press
Rrelease date: August 2007
Language: English

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author by Michael Schmidt - ZACFpublication date Mon May 14, 2007 19:29author address author phone Report this post to the editors

CONTENTS (NB: some slight restructuring may occur, but this will give readers a guide to what to expect).


Preface: Stuart Christie


Part 1: Introduction

Chapter 1: Beyond Capitalism: Introducing Anarchism
(two traditions of socialism; this book)
Part 2: Theory and Analysis

Chapter 2: Socialism From Below: Defining Anarchism
(three flawed approaches to understanding anarchism; Mikhail Bakunin and Piotr Kropotkin; the birth of anarchism in the 1860s; anarchism as libertarian socialism; against hierarchy; against capitalism and imperialism; against the state; the rejection of “state socialism”; elements of the social revolution; anarchism redefined and reclassified)

Chapter 3: Proudhon, Marxist Economics and Anarchism
(Pierre-Joseph Proudhon’s legacy; Karl Marx’s impact on the anarchists; Marxist economics and “anarchist communism”)

Chapter 4: History, Society and Class Analysis: Anarchism versus Marxism
(Marxists, the peasantry and “progressive states”; the anarchist response; was Marxism a “proletarian science”?; determinism and social change; the class character of 20th Century Marxist regimes; class culture and class consciousness; towards an anarchist social analysis)

Part 3: Tactics and Strategy

Chapter 5: Roads To Revolution: Insurrectionist versus Mass Anarchism
(the insurrectionist tradition; syndicalism: trade unions and anarchist revolution; direct action versus “political action”; the French CGT and the Charter of Amiens; revolutionary syndicalism and anarcho-syndicalism)

Chapter 6: Anarchism, Revolutionary Syndicalism, the IWW and Labour
(Georges Sorel, anarchism and the trade unions; two waves: anarcho-syndicalism and revolutionary syndicalism before the CGT; the “glorious period” and the myth of pre-war syndicalism; the IWW and revolutionary syndicalism: Daniel De Leon, James Connolly and “IWW Marxism”; syndicalism and the “broad anarchist tradition”)

Chapter 7: The Debates on the Trade Union Question
(Errico Malatesta and the rejection of crude syndicalism; crude syndicalism, daily union work and the need for ideology; reforms, unionofficials and social revolution; syndicalism and the state: three common misunderstandings; syndicalists and the defence of the revolution)

Chapter 8: The Militant Minority: the Question of Anarchist Political Organisation
(insurrectionist anarchists and “anti-organisationalists”; mass anarchism: the union as the party; trade unions and “boring-from-within”; boring-from-within, dual unionism and rank-and-file movements; mass anarchism: Bakunin, the Alliance and anarchist political organisation; the question of leadership)

Chapter 9: Controversy and Legacy: The Organisational Platform Of The Anarchist Communists
(enter Nestor Makhno and Piotr Arshinov; the Organisational Platform of the Anarchist Communists; the debate on the Platform; the Platform: innovation or restatement of anarchist positions?; the Platform versus the “synthestist” position; from “creeping Bolshevism” to individualism: behind the Platform debate; the ghost of Max Stirner; “Platformism” after the Platform)

Part 4: Historical Themes

Chapter 10: Lost History: The Features of Anarchist and Syndicalist Mass Movements
(anarchism as mass movement; the myth of Spanish exceptionalism; anarchism as radical labour movement; anarchism, farm workers and peasant movements; the features of anarchist peasant movements; a false division: anarchist communism versus anarcho-syndicalism)

Chapter 11: Beyond Workerism and Economism: the Broad Anarchist Tradition and Social Transformation
(the state and politics; beyond the workplace; self-emancipation and the politics of everyday life; the anti-militarist tradition; revolutionary general strikes and peasant risings; the rise and fall and rise of anarchism)

Chapter 12: Anarchist Internationalism and the Divisions of Gender and Race
(identity politics and the “woman question”; women’s emancipation and class struggle; ideas, attitudes and social change; “reconstruction of the family”; other key anarchist women militants; race, empire and social Darwinism; overcoming labour segmentation)

Chapter 13: Anarchist Internationalism and the Question of Imperialism
(war, national liberation and cultural diversity; the re-invention of traditionl; imperialism, “transitional stages” and Maoism: central planning and “developmentalism; anarchists and syndicalists in anti-imperialist struggles)



Preface: Stuart Christie


Part 5: Introduction

Part 6: Early Years

Chapter 14: Bakunin and the Birth of Anarchism in the First International
(the anarchists’ imagined pre-history from Lao Tzu to Josepth Dejacque; the modern world and the capitalist revolution; the socialist idea and the working class; the First International; enter Mikhail Bakunin; the Alliance and the anarchist movement; the beginning of the split)

Chapter 15: The First Flowering: Anarchists and the European Revolts of 1870-1874
(anarchists and urban revolts; from Lyons to the Paris Commune of 1871; to Bologna via Barcelona: the Cantonalist Revolt of 1873; Friedrich Engels and the Cantonalist Revolt; the schism with the Marxists)

Chapter 16: The Split in the First International and the Black International, 1872-1877
(after the Basel Conference; the Hague Conference of 1872; the Sergei Nechayev affair; the forces of the Marxists; the forces of the Alliance; anarchist victory: Saint-Imier and beyond; Piotr Kropotkin and the growth of the anarchist International; north versus south?; unions, peasants and the future)

Chapter 17: From Syndicalism to Insurrectionism and Back Again, 1881-1895
(the International after 1872; the general strike and anarchist communism; votes, purism and the end of the anarchist International; the “Black International” and the era of the assassins; against the current: Spain, Cuba and the United States; Haymarket: the anarchist origins of May Day; back to syndicalism; later anarchist internationals)

Part 7: Glory and Tragedy

Chapter 18: Anarchist Mass Organisation 1860s-1930s: Northern Europe and North America
(Britain and Ireland: the IWB, IGTWU, James Connolly, Tom Mann and the refuge of Freedom; France and Belgium: the CGT, CSB, FCRA/UA, GCL, Jean Grave, Fernand Pelloutier, Ernest Tanrez and the syndicalist laboratory; Germany and Switzerland: the Jura Federation, AKP, AFD, LAB, Gustav Landauer, Fritz Kater, André Boesinger and the anti-militarist, anti-Nazi struggles of the FVDG/FAUD, MTWIU and the AAUE; the Netherlands: the LVC/LFVC, NSV, “Domela” Nieuwenhuis, Christiaan Cornelissen, Harm Kolthek and the forgotten syndicalist template of the NAS; Sweden, Norway and Denmark: the SAC, NSF, DFS, Martin Tranmǽl and stable syndicalism; the United States and Canada: the IWPA/CLU, IWW, FACNAC, Daniel de Leon, “Big Bill” Haywood, industrial unionism and desegregation)

Chapter 19: Anarchist Mass Organisation 1860s-1930s: Southern, Central and Eastern Europe
(Italy: Errico Malatesta, Armando Borghi, the UAI, the factory occupations and the Fascist menace; Spain and Portugal: the fiery roses of the CNT-FAI and CGT; pre-revolutionary Russia, the Ukraine and Georgia: the NURW, Cherny Peredyel, Afanasy Matiushenko and Varlaam Cherkezov among the narodniks and terrorists; Bulgaria and Romania: the LCB, FAKB, BONSF, FAY, Mikhail Guerdzhikov, Gueorgui Cheitanov, and platformism armed; Greece: the Democratic Popular League of Patras, “Kostas” Speras, the SEMS and the lessons of direct democracy; Poland and Lithuania: the ZZZ, FAGPL and the shadow of Russia; Czechoslovakia: the FÈAK, ZJH-O, Bohuslav Vrbenský and the seductions of nationalism; Hungary and Austria: the URW, URS, Sandor Czismadia, Ervin Szabó and Leo Rothziegel in the heart of the empire; Yugoslavia and the Balkans: Milos Krpan, Krsto Cicvaric, Paul Zorkine and the direktasi workers’ faction)

Chapter 20: Anarchist Mass Organisation 1860s-1930s: Brazil and the Southern Cone of South America
(Argentina: Pedro Gori, John Creaghe, Juana Rouco Buela, Severino di Giovanni and the southern citadel of the FORA, CORA and FACA; Chile: José Domingo Gomes Rojas, Juan Gandulfo, the revolts of the FORCh, IWW, CGT and FACH; Uruguay and Paraguay: the FFREU, FORU, FORPa, FAU and the challenge of welfare reforms; Brazil: Neno Vasca, Domingos Passos, Maria Lacerda de Moura and the FORB/COB and FORGS; national elites, “developmentalism” and anti-imperialism)

Chapter 21: Anarchist Mass Organisation 1860s-1930s: the Andes, Central America, and the Caribbean
(Bolivia and Peru: the FOL, FORPe and the indigenous question; Colombia and Equador: bitter battles at high altitude; Venezuela and Surinam: the UOV and SAF in the margins of Bolivarismo and colonialism; Mexico: the COM-Lucha, the Flores Magón brothers, Antonio Gomes y Soto and the Mexican Revolution of 1910-1922; Nicaragua and Central America: Augusto Sandino, the CAS, FOH and the “banana republics”; Puerto Rico: the FLT, Louisa Capetilla and the question of who gets to wear the pants; Cuba: Enrique Roig San Martin, the FTC, FGAC, and the CNOC against imperialism, bigotry and the dictatorial elite)

Chapter 22: Anarchist Mass Organisation 1860s-1930s: East Asia, South-East Asia, and Oceania
(Japan and Taiwan: Ōsugi Sakae, Kanno Sugako, Hatta Shuzo the Zenkoku Jiren and the struggle against gender oppression and Japanese imperialism; China: Liu Shifu, the Wuzhenfu Gongchan and multinational resistance; Korea and Manchuria: Shin Chae-ho, the KAF, KACF, KPAM and the Manchurian Revolution of 1929-1931; Vietnam: Phan Boi Chau, the Phuc Viet and the question of class consciousness; the Philippines, Malaysia and their environs: Isabelo de los Reyes, the UOD and the universal appeal of anarcho-syndicalism)

Chapter 23: Anarchist Mass Organisation 1860s-1930s: South Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and the Antipodes
(Anatolia and the Middle East: Alexandre Atabekian, Daud Muja‘is and radicalism in the empire; Palestine: Joseph Trumpeldor and left-Zionism; Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia and North Africa: India and South Asia: Lala Har Dayal, the Ghadar Party and violent anti-imperialism; South Africa, Mozambique and Southern Africa: Andrew Dunbar, “Bill” Thibedi, Johnny Gomas, the IWAf, the ICU and the critique of White Labourism and craft unionism; Australia and New Zealand: Tom Glynn, the Red Feds, Wobblies, Maoris and labour solidarity)

Chapter 24: Eight Years That Shook The World: Anarchists, the Russian Revolution and Global Revolt 1916-1923
(from the “Second International” to social democracy; anarchism and the eight years that shook the world; the Russian anarchists and the Russian Revolution of 1917-1923; anarchists and the Bolshevik state; civil war, Bolshevik power and the Kronstad Uprising; anarchists and the origins of the “Stalinist” regime; Nestor Makhno and anarchist revolution in the Ukraine; a Siberian Makhnovschina?; red storm in the Ukraine and Siberia; the historical role and class character of the Bolshevik regime)

Chapter 25: A Blazing Star at Midnight: Anarchism, Dictatorship and the Spanish Revolution of 1936-1939
(anarchism and the rise of Bolshevism; the Comintern, Profintern and the IWA; Bolshevism and the fate of the Left; repression, fascism and anarchist decline; between “brown” and “red”; the conditions for survival, and the Spanish phoenix; anarchism and fascism in Spain; fascism or revolution; revolution in agriculture and industry; revolution and war on fascism; crisis in the anarchist ranks; counter-revolution and the anarchist split; “crushing fascism once and for all”; water and oil: anarchists and government)

Part 8: Survival and Revival

Chapter 26: The Second World War and After: Anarchist Partisans, Syndicalist Unions and Imperialism, 1940s-1950s
(the course of the Second World War; anarchism, anti-fascism and partisans; syndicalism after the war: Western Europe and Latin America; communists, anarchist partisans and the Red Army; from “de-Nazification” to the Cold War; anarchism and post-war decolonisation; anarchism, the French empire and decolonisation in Asia; the rise of the nation-state)

Chapter 27: In the Shadow of the Cold War: Eclipse and Rebirth 1950s-1970s
(the broad anarchist tradition in the era of “three worlds”; anarchism, the welfare state and the great boom; anarchism and the West’s dictatorships; anarchism and cracks in the East Bloc; Maoism, the Cuban Revolution and anarchism; the New Left, “counter-culture” amd the revolts of 1968-1969; Cuba, anarchist guerrilla forces and the limits of armed action)

Chapter 28: Neo-liberalism, Fascist/Soviet Collapse and Anarchist Reconstruction 1970s-2000s
(the collapse of Iberian fascism and the resurgence of anarchism; European anarchist alternatives to authoritarian “autonomism”; Turkey, the Middle East and the Iranian Revolution of 1978-1979; Japan, South Korea and White reaction in the Far East; Zapatismo, Magonismo and resistance in the Andes; self-management in the Southern Cone; African anarchism versus capitalist “liberation movements”; the end of the Soviet empire and the betrayals of state “communism”; the IWA and the independent revolutionary syndicalist unions; into a libertarian communist Millennium)

Part 9: Reflections and Challenges

Chapter 29: Counter-power: the Broad Anarchist Tradition in the new Millennium
(understanding anarchism; analysis and politics; rethinking history; who were and are the anarchists? revival in the neo-liberal era; learning from the past; the need for conscious activists; the need for political organisations; relating to the popular classes; conclusion: building counter-power)


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