Playing the Media Game - Dublin Mayday 2004
ireland / britain |
opinion / analysis
Saturday May 14, 2005 20:50 by Aileen - WSM
How anarchists dealt with the media during the Dublin 2004 EU summit protests
This article using the example of the 'Dublin Grassroots Network' looks at how anarchists can interact with the media without compromising their principles. Perhaps the two biggest problems in dealing with the media are firstly that the media can, through the questions they ask and the pressures they bring, begin to set the political agenda of the group. Secondly servicing the media machine can take up all a group's time and energy (to the detriment of the other activity).
Playing the Media Game
'If you sup with the devil use a long spoon'
The Dublin Grassroots Network put a number of structures in place to
avoid some of the pitfalls of dealing with the media.
Perhaps the two biggest problems in dealing with the media are
firstly that the media can, through the questions they ask and the
pressures they bring, begin to set the political agenda of the group.
Secondly servicing the media machine can take up all a group's time
and energy (to the detriment of the other activity).
One way Grassroots dealt with this problem was to set up a media
working group comprising both spokespeople and those who helped draft
statements. This was a sub-group of the larger organisation, so the
number of people working on media issues was limited. In addition it
meant that policy decisions were made by the larger group of all
Grassroots activists, with less concern for how the media would
interpret those decisions.
Media spokespeople were elected and could be recalled if they had
failed to represent Dublin Grassroots Network in accordance with the
Talking to the media places a number of other pressures on the
individual. On the one hand the media can flatter the ego, on the
other they can ridicule and humiliate. It is not good for one's
mental health to be a media spokesperson. In order to share the
burden therefore for each event a number of spokespeople are usually
nominated (usually two men and two women).
The person most affected by the media's political pressure, is not
surprisingly, the spokesperson. It is they who are pressurised to
make commitments and to answer questions that are often unanswerable.
Furthermore the media often describes spokespeople as 'leaders of the
movement' and influenced by the attention, it is all too easy for
spokespeople to allow themselves to be put in this role. This is
obviously a problem for a non-hierarchical organisation.
In order to minimise these effects, in the Dublin Grassroots
Network, the spokespeople are rotated. After each event, the
spokespeople resigned, handing over the burden to a new team.
Rotating spokespeople has the additional advantage of increasing
skills levels and thus the confidence of the group.
To ensure that the spokespersons represented Grassroots' opinion
(rather than just themselves) spokespersons were instructed that
their statements had to follow certain guidelines. During the Mayday
protests in Dublin those guidelines were:
1. We do not criticize other groups
2. We speak only on behalf of the Dublin Grassroots Network i.e.
we don't give our own personal opinions.
3. We use DGN leaflets as a guideline to the Grassroots' position.
If we are asked about anything outside the guidelines, we say 'no
The media often mis-report and this can cause conflict if the
group feels that errors arise from things the spokespeople haven't
actually said. In order to minimise this, a section of each meeting
was open for all to discuss the work of the media group and the media
group's meetings were open to all who wanted to attend.
by Aileen O'Carroll
This article was originally published as a box in the article
Media Mayhem - Anarchists and the Mass Media