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Anarchists in the Gulag Project

category russia / ukraine / belarus | history of anarchism | press release author Wednesday August 20, 2008 17:53author by KSL - Kate Sharpley Library Report this post to the editors

Announcing a researching project into Bolshevik repression of Anarchists.


We are researching Bolshevik repression of anarchists after 1917 (anarchists covers anarchist-communists, anarcho-syndicalists, individualists, universalists and Makhnovists, but not Tolstoyans). Repression includes executions and open combat like the raids on the Black Guards, but we’re most interested in anarchists in prison and exile (we’re also interested in foreign - Italian, Spanish, Polish - anarchists). We’re interested in biographies of imprisoned anarchists. These can cover their anarchist activities before, during and after 1917, not just their prison years. We would expect this project to also shed some light on solidarity work for the imprisoned anarchists, both from within the Soviet Union and from abroad. This foreign solidarity work has given us important material like “Letters from Russian Prisons”, “The Guillotine at Work” and the Bulletins of the Joint Committee for the defense of revolutionists imprisoned in Russia and Relief fund of the International Working Men’s Association for anarchists and anarcho-syndicalists imprisoned or exiled in Russia.

Publication



Short articles can be published in the Kate Sharpley Library Bulletin (quarterly, six pages). Longer texts could be posted on the Kate Sharpley Library website: www.katesharpleylibrary.net. Alternatively, we could create a blog for the project and post texts there. Ultimately we hope to publish a pamphlet (biographies of executed, imprisoned and exiled anarchists). Please contact us if you’re interested in assisting with the Anarchists in the GULAG project.

http://www.katesharpleylibrary.net

Related Link: http://gulaganarchists.wordpress.com/
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Russia / Ukraine / Belarus | History of anarchism | Press Release | en

Fri 30 Sep, 01:03

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heath.jpg imageNew publication: "The Third Revolution?: Peasant and worker resistance to the Bolshevik government" 16:20 Fri 15 Oct by Kate Sharpley Library 0 comments

The Makhnovist movement of the Ukraine is the best known of the revolutionary oppositions to the Bolshevik regime. But it was not the only radical challenge the Bolsheviks faced from below. Numerous peasants revolts occurred in the years 1920-22, aiming not to restore the old regime but calling for a third revolution to defend themselves from the new one. Nick Heath here examines their extent, causes and limitations.

9781873605844smla.jpg imageNew pamphlet: After Makhno (Hidden histories of Anarchism in the Ukraine) 16:34 Mon 12 Oct by KSL 0 comments

The Kate Sharpley Library is pleased to announce our new pamphlet containing two essays on Makhnovist opposition in the Ukraine after the triumph of Bolshevism. [Italiano]

textBolshevik repression of Anarchists: 17:51 Fri 10 Oct by Kate Sharpley Library 0 comments

The Kate Sharpley Library are pleased to announce two new publications dealing with Bolshevik repression of Anarchists: An eyewitness account of the 1921 hunger strike in Moscow; and a special double issue of "KSL: Bulletin of the Kate Sharpley Library", dealing with Anarchists in the Gulag, prison and exile under the Bolsheviks.

imageThe Failure Of The Russian Revolution Jan 27 by Emma Goldman 0 comments

Extracts from anarchist-communist Emma Goldman's classic analysis, as presented in her 1924 "My Further Disillusionment with Russia." Goldman argued clearly that the Russian Revolution's end, in a new one-party dictatorship and new elite ruling a highly unequal society, could not be excused as a simple degeneration caused by external pressures of imperialist intervention and economic crisis (the view of defenders of the Communist Party). It also could not be explained as the inevitable result of class-based revolution that overthrew parliament and private property (the view of liberals). The programme and actions of the Communist Party, based on building a centralised state run by a single centralised party and repression, crushed democratic bottom-up proletarian and peasant initiative and self-management, worsened the economic situation, and destroyed the revolution from within. The revolution itself was actually very democratic and egalitarian, not by its nature dictatorial, and this placed it in a fatal struggle with Bolshevik / Communist rule. Revolution, to succeed, needs a total "transvaluation" of values to a "libertarian spirit" that rejects authoritarianism, and bottom-up "economic" mobilisation of the masses through steps like anarcho-syndicalism and co-operatives, that place decisions in the hands of the grassroots masses. "Means" must match "ends," and ethics and action must always be consistently based on libertarian, just principles: "Today is the parent of tomorrow. "

imageThe Story of the Makhnovists and the Anarchist Revolution in the Ukraine, 1918-1921 Jan 15 by Tokologo African Anarchist Collective 0 comments

The mass “Makhnovist” (anarchist) movement emerged in 1917 in Ukraine, a colonial country in East Europe that was until then divided between the Russian and Austrian (or Austro-Hungarian) Empires. The Makhnovists made an anarchist revolution. The anarchists were a central force in the 1917-1921 Ukrainian War of Independence.

They fought for decolonisation through anarchist revolution, meaning the independent Ukraine should be reconstructed on anarchist lines: self-management and participatory democracy, equality not hierarchy and domination, collectively-owned property, and the abolition of the class system, capitalism and the state. They were called “Makhnovists,” after the leading Ukrainian anarchist militant, Nestor Makhno. He came from a poor peasant family, had been a factory worker, and former political prisoner. [Italiano]

imageNew publication: "The Third Revolution?: Peasant and worker resistance to the Bolshevik government" Oct 15 KSL 0 comments

The Makhnovist movement of the Ukraine is the best known of the revolutionary oppositions to the Bolshevik regime. But it was not the only radical challenge the Bolsheviks faced from below. Numerous peasants revolts occurred in the years 1920-22, aiming not to restore the old regime but calling for a third revolution to defend themselves from the new one. Nick Heath here examines their extent, causes and limitations.

imageNew pamphlet: After Makhno (Hidden histories of Anarchism in the Ukraine) Oct 12 Kate Sharpley Library 0 comments

The Kate Sharpley Library is pleased to announce our new pamphlet containing two essays on Makhnovist opposition in the Ukraine after the triumph of Bolshevism. [Italiano]

textBolshevik repression of Anarchists: Oct 10 KSL 0 comments

The Kate Sharpley Library are pleased to announce two new publications dealing with Bolshevik repression of Anarchists: An eyewitness account of the 1921 hunger strike in Moscow; and a special double issue of "KSL: Bulletin of the Kate Sharpley Library", dealing with Anarchists in the Gulag, prison and exile under the Bolsheviks.

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