Dall'anno zero dell'Irpinia 02:03 Nov 28 0 comments
The "60's" Semi-Civil War Conditions In the U.S. (and elsewhere too!) With an Anarchistic Flavor 01:55 Jul 30 0 comments
The Armenian Genocide: An Open Wound 15:52 Apr 24 0 comments
Non vogliamo discutere di fronte al nemico la loro morte 16:13 Aug 24 6 comments
1970-1973: Dialéctica del poder popular chileno 20:52 Sep 18 0 commentsmore >>
Recent articles by MB
Recent Articles about North America / Mexico History
Remembering Spain, Remembering Heroes
north america / mexico | history | news report Saturday January 27, 2007 07:55 by MB - Capital Terminus Collective, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
This Veterans Day seemed to be like any other. As a veteran, I am used to being bombarded with flag waving WWII clips that stream across our TV sets, giving only reactionary glory to instill patriotic emotion that seems to validate the decisions of our leaders who have never even served in combat. Would this year be any different?
Fortunately this year was special: at the newly organized Madratz info shop in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, you could hear the stories and voice of a true freedom fighter, Spanish Civil war veteran, George Sossenko.
Following an introduction by Mr. Sossenko, who gave his assessment of current events, a movie “Land and Freedom” was presented. After the film George- who volunteered in the International Brigade of the Spanish republic at the age of 16 in 1936- gave a touching description of his experiences in the War: “We went there wanting nothing in return. We went with our hearts and our ideals and gained Spain,” George said. “To this day the people of Spain thank us for our contribution and sacrifice. All we can say is, No, we thank you the people, and we thank Spain.”
After WWI, many European countries were devastated and much of the working class subjected to complete despotism. In Spain the King and the church owned 70% of all the land, and many people were left to work in the factories under inhuman conditions. During this time no employment/labor laws, healthcare or set wages existed. After a few failed attempts, in 1931 a democratic election took place to form a republic. Soon after the election the newly formed government put into place radical legislation reform that favored the peasants and anarcho-syndicalist trade unions. This set off the secession of Franco and the Spanish army, funded by the church and king, thus setting off a civil war which began in 1936 and lasted to ‘39.
George Sossenko came from France to join the International Brigades, and later joined the Durruti Column (CNT). Along with the International Brigades, the anarcho-syndicalist trade union Conferacion Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) drew on working men and woman to form an armed front. Some other fronts that represented the seats in the Spanish parliament and trade unions were the AFI (joined with CNT) Poum (Workers Party) UGT (Marxist Trade Union). Military aid also came from Mexico and Russia.
Many brave men and woman, like Mr. Sossenko, came to the aid of the Spanish to fight for a free, democratic Spain. With little or no military training, these men and woman fought valiantly. To the surprise of Hitler and Franco they won many battles, and for a time seemed to be winning the war. “Many of us were only given five bullets and a quick lesson on how to shoot,” said Mr. Sossenko of the training they received.
The West turned a blind eye to the pleas of the Spanish people. Stalin’s Russia played both sides for political opportunism: in time, Russian aid slowly came to a stop, till the advent of the complete takeover by the Russian Popular Army. The working class fighters could only hold out so long. The United States, along with other industrialized countries, continued to give Franco oil and supplies. Russia withdrew giving aid to the front in fear that the anarchists would be successful. This, in addition to internal political problems (likely set off by the Stalinists) led to Franco’s victory.
To this day the Spanish Civil war sets a fire burning for freedom in many hearts the world over. In 1998 the Spanish government, along with the king, made honorary citizens of all the foreign men and woman who fought in the International Brigades during the Spanish Civil War. Many monuments have been erected in their honor, including the Lincoln Brigade monument in San Francisco.
On this Veterans Day we remember what it is to fight for true freedom. In the words of Fellow Worker Sossenko “We must fight; we must never quit. They call us unpatriotic because we do not support a war for capitalist gain. I say we are the patriots, who stand and fight for true freedom.” MB
Excerpted from Anarchist Atlanta #4, published November of 2006To contact the Capital Terminus Collective
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org or on
Wed 29 Jun, 17:07
Sorry, no stories matched your search, maybe try again with different settings.
W.E.B. Du Bois and the Fight over His U.S. Memorial Jan 30 1 comments
W.E.B. Du Bois was an important African-American scholar and activist. In the 60s there was an effort to create a memorial for him in his home town in Massachusetts. This met with a great deal of right-wing resistance. The history of this controversy shines light on the broader issues of racism and Cold War anti-communism.
The “Negro March on Washington” movement in the World War II period Jan 28 0 comments
For Black History Month: In 1941, the African-American labor leader, A. Philip Randolph made a call for a national demonstration by African-Americans in Washington, D.C. The demonstration never occurred, because of sabotage by White and Black liberals. But the organizing for it, and the movement behind it, continuing during World War II, had a big impact on U.S. Black people. It was an important influence preparing for the Civil Rights and Black Liberation struggles of the 1950s and ‘60s.
Looking back on the Vietnam War: History and forgetting (Part 2) Nov 01 0 comments
This article first appeared in the Summer 1985 Fifth Estate under the pen-name George Bradford. It is reprinted on the 20th anniversary of the defeat of the U.S. empire in Vietnam.