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What's going on in Syria?

category mashriq / arabia / iraq | imperialism / war | opinion / analysis author Thursday September 05, 2013 18:17author by Monte - FdCA Report this post to the editors

The difficulty in understanding the current geopolitical situation often depends on the interpretative framework that is used to decipher events. I believe that the world-systems theory that defines the current crisis in the hegemony of the centre - the USA - is the one which more than any other is able to explain the complexity of the redefinition of the relationships of power and balances, the redefinition of alliances and new strategic areas. [Italiano

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What's going on in Syria?


The difficulty in understanding the current geopolitical situation often depends on the interpretative framework that is used to decipher events. I believe that the world-systems theory (Wallerstein, Arrighi) that defines the current crisis in the hegemony of the centre - the USA, a country that historically created the structure of the world market and the relation of inter-State power that has been woven since 1945 - is the one which more than any other is able to explain the complexity of the redefinition of the relationships of power and balances, the redefinition of alliances and new strategic areas.

Europe and the Mediterranean have become zones of mere support as Russia has inserted itself as a producer of raw materials into world trade and enjoys the role of a military and atomic power limited to its geographic area, while the areas of future turbulence are in sub-Saharan Africa, as far as the potential for raw matrerials is concerned, and the Pacific area around the emerging economic power that is China and its needs for growth as a geopolitical power.

Taking on the role of an imperialist power is not cheap and given the USA's fair-sized public debt (which, by the way, is similar to that of the Second World War, as a percentage of GDP), it is trying to involve and delegate the role of active, operative vassals to regional nations. This function in the area of the Middle East is currently carried out by Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. After the coup d'état in Egypt and the destitution of Morsi, Saudi Arabia is the one that is hegemonizing the area, downscaling its "competitors" thanks to its many-sided strategy of blocking any inclinations towards democracy in which the masses participate, thus guaranteeing the stability that in their culture is feudal/castal, without rights and therefore contrary even to the Islam of the Muslim Brotherhood, which (badly) integrates religion and democracy. Indeed they were active in the harsh repression in Bahrain, in the opposition movements in Yemen who mingle with the mostly Shi'ite population. The emir of Qatar has abdicated in favour of his eldest son, Tamim, in admittance of the defeat of his idea for an open Islam, the sort promoted by the Brotherhood, who they support. And Turkey too, after the mobilizations of the last weeks, is in economic difficulty thanks to the flight of foreign investment funds, growing inflation and depreciation of the lira, something similar to what is happening in India and Indonesia (the next "perfect storm"?).

Since July 2012, the head of the Saudi secret services (and secretary of the National Security Council) has been a prince, Bandar bin Sultan, a strongman with a precise strategy of strengthening Saudi Arabia and carrying out an active counter-revolution by using religious differences in order to generate an explicit civil war against the Shi'ites, a new front on which to mobilize the Sunni masses, thus counteracting the "Arab Springs". The Califate against democracy! Bandar has excellent relations with the West: an ambassador to the USA for 22 years, close friends with Bush Sr. and considerable arms trade relations with Thatcher. It is said that he was behind the recent car bombs in Iraq and Lebanon. In Syria he supports Jabhat al-Nusra with arms (Croatia has increased its arms exports by 50%) and billions of dollars: this group is linked to al-Qaeda and is made up of thousands of foreign mercenaries, fighters from many war fronts, and is thus extremely operative. It has been the main catalyst over the past year. In "Il Manifesto" of 30 August 2013, M. Giorgi calls them "al-Qaeda 2" - movementist, horizontal, against the Kurds, the Alawites and secular nationalism, supporters of the Califate from Damascus to Iraq, less hostile to the USA and the West. One leader, Shaker Wahiyib al-Fahdawi, boasts of the fact that he does not mask his face and that he kills any Shi'ite that crosses his path.

By now the clash in Syria is one between religions, also because the Free Syrian Army, made up of ex-military personnel, is extremely weak despite being trained by the Americans in Jordan. Made it is for this reason that after his meeting with the Syrian "democrats" Hollande seemed a little less keen on bombing. The various armed groups have only light weapons and a few tanks salvaged during combat, but with no possibility of providing maintenance.

Assad's army enjoys the support of a fairly well-equipped air force, a large number of land-to-air and land-to-sea missiles, albeit not of the latest generation, armoured vehicles and with the help of the Iranian military and Lebanese Hezbollah fighters, they can stand up to the contenders in the redefinition of the zones of influence.

The intervention of American ships and missiles would seem to be a form of "relief", i.e. counteraction, in order to destroy predominant military positions. But three days and around 150 cruise (Tomahawk) missiles - at $1,500,000 each - has only a temporary effect. The desired destructuring effect could only come after weeks and weeks. Thus, seeing that no-one believes in humanitarian wars, not even the Labour Party in Britain, the true motive would seem to be the cooperation that is needed and has been requested (by the Saudis) in order to limit Assad's superiority. One thing is certain - seeing the USA helping out al-Qaeda is paradoxical.

Monte


PS. To celebrate his new appointment in July 2012, Bandar organized a bomb attack on Syrian officials. They responded with another attack in which his lieutenant died and it seemed for a time that he himself had died, too.

Bandar recently met Putin to whom he proposed contracts for $15 billion's worth of arms in order to isolate Assad, plus other goodies, including control over the Chechens at the upcoming Games in Russia. Journalistic (sic!) versions of the meeting have it on the one hand that they came to an agreement, or on the other hand that Putin blew his top and promised to bombard the Saudi capital.

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oabubakralbaghdadi570.jpg imageWhat do we think about the current crisis of Iraq? 21:25 Tue 24 Jun by Kurdish Anarchists Forum 0 comments

The Iraq crisis has been continued for decades while it has been under the power of Saddam Hussein or under the “current democratic Regime” since the invasion of 2003. There were no freedom, no social justice; no equality and also little opportunity for those who were independent from the political parties who were in power. In addition to existing brutality and discrimination against women and the ordinary people a very big gap was created between the rich and poor, making the poor even poorer and the rich richer. [Italiano]

textPalestine-Israel, History's wheels turn faster and scream as blood does not oil the axes enough* 23:23 Mon 26 Aug by Ilan S. 0 comments

The turmoil in our region expresses the melting of world history as we knew it. It accelerates before it reaches its end as the axes of the old order cannot hold it any more. The Zionist settler colonialist bridgehead of the developed imperial countries in the cradle of human culture at the east of the Mediterranean Sea is being eroded by the resistance of the indigenous inhabitants who are recruiting supporters from all over the world. The cracks in neoliberal global capitalism, which seemed to have reached its ultimate victory just a few years ago when the end of history was declared, are pointing to the real end of the history of egoistic and alienated class society. In the day-to-day struggle here, it is still hard to discern the cracks in the structure of the system, but you can already smell it in the clouds of tear gas at the weekly demos and feel the ground tremor under your feet. [Italiano]

textPalestine-Israel, Some activities the Anarchists Against the Wall initiative involved with lately 17:23 Tue 15 Feb by Ilan S. 0 comments

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textIraqi trade union leader on the current situation in Iraq 20:28 Wed 03 Oct by Manuel Baptista 0 comments

Falah Alwan, president of the Federation of Workers Councils & Unions in Iraq was recently on a short visit to Lisbon to gather some support for the workers' resistance inside Iraq.

textIsrael: "Occupation 40" - first actions in Tel Aviv 16:48 Wed 06 Jun by Ilan Shalif 1 comments

The 6 days of actions to commemorate the atrocities of the 40 years of Israeli occupation from the 1967 war started in Tel Aviv this afternoon, after an appetizer in the form of nightly hanging of placards during the last few weeks.

text6 days of protests to mark 40 years of occupation 18:50 Tue 05 Jun by Kibush 40 0 comments

For six days, June 5 to 10 - corresponding to the days of the 1967 War - a wide spectrum of events will take place, including exhibitions, demonstrations, theatre plays, academic conferences etc., in order to place a the occupation and the millions suffering under its yoke on the public agenda. June 9 and 10 had been declared as International Days of Protest Against the Israeli Occupation, and we will hold The main march and rally on Saturday, June 9.

textItaly: "Resistance, disobedience, solidarity" - an evening with an Israeli refusni 17:09 Tue 21 Nov by FdCA Fano 0 comments

On Monday 20th November 2006 at the Istituto Tecnico-Commerciale Battisti in Fano, eastern Italy, with Lior Volinytz, a 19-year-old Israeli refusnik and activist in the Anarchists Against the Wall initiative.

textIsrael, Direct action near the border of Gaza Strip 01:29 Sun 19 Nov by Ilan S. 0 comments

It happened when the Zionist leftist peace now (who refused to join the previous Saturday more radical left demonstration against the massacre in Beit Hanun) had their demonstration and at Erez road block. 25 activists organized by the anarchists against the wall initiative traveled to the region bordering the Gaza strip. When the boring speeches started at the peace now not far away demonstration, we entered a compound of army tools of war - about 50 heavily armored soldiers carriers and 5 D9s (of the model that crashed to death Rachel Cury). We climbed on two of the carriers and placed around pictures, banners, and other materials representing massacred people. The soldiers on guard there tried to make us go away but we just ignored their commands. Police officers who came there just asked to see our ID cards, but surprisingly did noting more.

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On 27th July 2006, Alternative Libertaire (France) distributed a text entitled "News from Lebanon: the Israeli attack" by our Lebanese comrades, Al-Badil al-Chouyouii al-Taharrouri (Libertarian Communist Alternative). This text denounced the Israeli war, Western plans for a Great Middle East, and criticized Hezbollah as a religious and reactionary organization.

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textKurdish "Terrorists" Rescue Yezidis Aug 15 by PaulB 0 comments

The US special forces finally sent to Mount Sinjar in Northern Iraq to assess a mission to rescue the threatened Yezidis this morning [Thursday 14 August], reported that most of the displaced population had already been rescued in the previous days. What is not being widely reported is the identity of the Kurdish forces who secured the northern side of the mountain and opened a safe passage for the threatened Yezidi civilians, through the Syrian territory they control to Dohuk in the north of the Kurdish Autonomous region in Iraq.

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textIsrael burned the stew Aug 02 by Ilan S. 0 comments

The present Gaza war was started before the actual shooting, by Egypt's blockade of the Gaza Strip, intended to break the rule of Hamas due to it being a part of the Islamic Brotherhood movement. [Italiano] [Türkçe]

imageIsrael/Palestine: Background to the present conflict Jul 27 by Ilan S. 0 comments

Egypt insists on dissolving the rule of the Muslim Brotherhood offshoot, Hamas, in the Gaza Strip. Israel "just" wants to sabotage the yielding/compromise by Hamas to the Palestinian West Bank Authority. The relevant political context for the present round begins in November 2012, with the agreement between Israel and Hamas under Egyptian sponsorship. [Italiano] [Português]

textSyria: the Struggle Continues – “Day of Rage Against Al-Qaeda & Assad” Jan 19 by TŘÍDNÍ VÁLKA 0 comments

Since nearly three years that an uprising broke out in Syria (as a local materialization of the upheavals shaking the whole regions of Maghreb and Mashreq) most of the reactions, comments and critics from militant structures which claim to be revolutionary, internationalist, communist, anarchist… go in the same direction: doubts about what happens, doubts about essential material determinations that give birth to the movements that develop in front of our eyes, doubts about the class nature of these events, doubts about the potentially subversive content of struggles of our class when it doesn’t wave the “good” flags, etc. [Português] [Français] [Italiano]

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imageWhat do we think about the current crisis of Iraq? Jun 24 KAF 0 comments

The Iraq crisis has been continued for decades while it has been under the power of Saddam Hussein or under the “current democratic Regime” since the invasion of 2003. There were no freedom, no social justice; no equality and also little opportunity for those who were independent from the political parties who were in power. In addition to existing brutality and discrimination against women and the ordinary people a very big gap was created between the rich and poor, making the poor even poorer and the rich richer. [Italiano]

text6 days of protests to mark 40 years of occupation Jun 05 0 comments

For six days, June 5 to 10 - corresponding to the days of the 1967 War - a wide spectrum of events will take place, including exhibitions, demonstrations, theatre plays, academic conferences etc., in order to place a the occupation and the millions suffering under its yoke on the public agenda. June 9 and 10 had been declared as International Days of Protest Against the Israeli Occupation, and we will hold The main march and rally on Saturday, June 9.

textStatement on al-Badil article Sep 11 AL 0 comments

On 27th July 2006, Alternative Libertaire (France) distributed a text entitled "News from Lebanon: the Israeli attack" by our Lebanese comrades, Al-Badil al-Chouyouii al-Taharrouri (Libertarian Communist Alternative). This text denounced the Israeli war, Western plans for a Great Middle East, and criticized Hezbollah as a religious and reactionary organization.

textLebanon- The Smoke, Anguish and Terror of a Fascist Attack Sep 02 Grupo Qhispikay Llaqta, Perú 1 comments

The anarchists of Peru and the rest of the world oppose the fascist attacks of the Israeli State against the Palestinian and Lebanese peoples. We refuse to follow reformist or reactionary positions that call for the formation of a new Palestinian state- a state that even if established could only survive subject to the mandates of American imperialism. Instead, we support and instigate the class struggle in the region as a means toward the eventual foundation of an Anarchist Federation, which in turn is the only way to secure a truly humane and dignified existence for the working class of these countries.

textOn the slaughter in the Middle East Aug 19 Anarkismo 19 comments

«Being slaves of God, the people owe to be, also, slaves of the Church and the State, insofar as the State has been blessed by the Church» Michael Bakounin

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